Firstly, we are going to brush up READING skills which is inevitable for scoring the highest in IELTS/TOEFL. As we aware of Listening, Reading, Writing & Speaking as the skills tested, we often presume that Reading is difficult. Whereas Reading requires focus and precision with TIME MANAGEMENT to score well.
An insight into Reading – Dating back to our school days, we had comprehensions similarly we encounter the same in IELTS/TOEFL. Let’s try to figure out some cases. There are ‘n’ number of methods for reading where Skimming and Scanning stands unique for its methodology.
Skimming requires to read the passages before the questions
Question – An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) tom regulate and oversea the operation of the aircrafts in the skies over the USA, which were becoming quite congested. The resulting structure of the of Air Traffic Control has greatly increased the safety of flight in the USA, and the similar Air Traffic control procedures are also in places all over the world.
Match the following with the correct response:
- Disobeying FAA regulations
- Aviation disaster prompts action
For the above example, without reading the paragraph, it is difficult to sort out the answer.
Primarily, question yourself what the paragraph’s topic sentence is about? The paragraph describes about the introduction of FAA due to the accident which took place in the sky.
Secondly, go in for the synonyms. The words “accident” and “disaster” goes hand in hand.
So the answer turns out be “B“.
Scanning requires to read the questions before the passages
Question –Identity Badges
You will be issued with an identity badge, which should be worn at all times when you are in the premises. The purpose to safeguard the security. Badges are issued by the Human resources, and contractors and people visiting are also obliged to wear them on one-off basis.
Answer the following question:
Staffs, ______________ and visitors must all wear a badge on the premises.
For the above, we can avoid reading the passage and directly go in for the question to find the answer.
First, Look out for the keywords! The key words such as HR and people visiting in the place of Staff and visitors.
With respect to the above, we can conclude that Contractors is the answer.
Skimming Vs Scanning:
Here is the basic summary of skimming and scanning techniques of reading, which are most useful when answering reading sections of IELTS & TOEFL
|· Fast reading
· Get main idea and details
· Leave the bulk of passage once you get the gist
· Comprehend as much as you can while reading
· Usually done with material you know nothing about
· As speed increases, comprehension decreases
|· Used to locate a fact or specific bit of information
· Often done with material of which you have prior knowledge
· No need to comprehend much, but identify the information
· Must be accurate to find the bit of information required, hence slower process
So remember, “It is better to read a little and ponder a lot than to read a lot and ponder a little!”