concept-1868728_1920One of the components of the IELTS examination tests your ability to comprehend three lengthy passages. Some might fear looking at the technical jargons used in the passage. The length of the passage can also create apprehension. What if a solution was provided to you which does not require reading the passage thoroughly or even understanding the passage entirely, let alone the technical jargons? Though you can utilize several ways to solve reading comprehension questions, what we discuss here is one of the most effective and is as easy as pie to grasp.

Question Types on IELTS Reading

There are multiple questions types on the IELTS reading, these can broadly be classified into:

  1. Matching based: Matching information, Matching headings, Matching features, Matching sentence endings
  2. Completion based: Sentence completion, Summary completion, Note completion, Table completion, Flow-chart completion, Diagram label completion
  3. Identification based: Identifying information, Identifying writer’s views/claims
  4. Multiple choice
  5. Short-answer questions

Each of these questions can be solved by following these steps: Step 1 Without wasting a moment, look at the question types for the first passage Step 2 Start by underlining the keyword in the questions Step 3 Scan and then Intensive reading Step 4 Predict and then Answer

How do I Scan?

When you are in search for your friend’s number in the directory, what do u do ? Do you read all the names that come before the name of your friend? Ofcourse not! You would simply look through the directory through the alphabet and search for the first letter of your friend’s name. Exactly! This is essentially the practice of scanning.

When to use Scanning

When a question asks for a specific information from the passage, pick keywords from the question and search for them in the passage. You may find these keywords in a number of places within the passage. Therefore, try scanning for multiple keywords or a combination of keyword from the question to improve accuracy. Note the exact location where you think the answer could be. Now read Intensively!

How do I Read Intensively ?

Consider this situation. Your cell-phone goes missing; you have to send an important message to someone. You call your phone from your sibling’s. In the huge house of yours, you hear a faint vibrating sound emanating from a corner in the distance. Instead of roaming about aimlessly, you cautiously investigate the area where the humming sound of vibration seems to be originating from. Once you’re close, you search intensely, turning everything upside down until you find your phone. This is quite similar to reading intensively in the reading section. Once you have found the location of your answer, read the portion of the passage around the target location (about a sentence up and a sentence down) intensively. It will give a very precise idea about what the answer for the question should be. Once you’ve found what you were looking for, choose a suitable word or idea to answer the question. Hope this technique was simple and easy to follow. We have few more techniques for you to learn  on how to answer inference questions, here.  

A post graduate of Literature, Khusboo Jain has a diverse teaching experience in English Language since 2013. She worked as a consultant in schools as well as taught English Language programs for Test Preparation. She loves to spend her free time pouring over books about English Language Teaching; She also loves to volunteer in literary events.